Git Cheat Sheet

From Gejoreuy
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https://www.earthdatascience.org/workshops/intro-version-control-git/basic-git-commands/


Create New Branch from Master or Other Branch

$ git checkout master                         # first, we work in master branch
$ git pull                                    # pull from original branch
$ git checkout -b [new_branch_name]           # creating new branch in our local fs
$ git push origin [new_branch_name]           # push our new branch to remote repository
$ git config core.autocrlf false              # stop replacement warning message

Create Tag from A Commit

$ git tag [tag_name] [commit_id]              # create tag from a commit
$ git tag                                     # list tag in our local repository
$ git push --tag                              # push our new tag to remote repository

Delete Branch in Our Local Filesystem

$ git branch -d [name_of_branch]

or

$ git branch -D [name_of_branch]              # force deletion

Delete Branch in Github or Gitlab

$ git push origin :[name_of_branch]

Merge Branch to Master

$ git checkout master                         # switched to branch master
$ git merge [branch_name]                     # merge

Duplicate Branch to New Branch

$ git checkout [old_branch]
$ git branch [new_branch]

or

$ git checkout -b [new_branch] [old_branch]

Reset Local Branch Same As Remote Branch

$ git checkout [name_of_branch]              # checkout to branch that will be reseted
$ git reset --hard origin/[name_of_branch]   # reset to be same as remote branch
$ git reset --hard origin                    # reset local master to be same with remote master

Reset Branch Same As Master or Other Branch

$ git checkout [name_of_branch]               # checkout to branch that will be reseted to be same as master
$ git reset --hard master                     # reset to be same as master

Copy File in A working Git Branch from Another Branch

$ git checkout [name_of_branch]               # checkout to branch where a file need to be placed
$ git checkout [source_branch] path/to/file   # source branch where the file will come from

Overwrite File in A Working Git Branch from Another Branch

$ git checkout [name_of_branch]               # checkout to branch where a file need to be replaced or overwrited
$ git checkout [source_branch] path/to/file   # source branch where the file will come from